While some problems related to the digestive system can be treated with medicine and lifestyle changes, others require a surgical intervention. A surgery that serves as a treatment for diseases associated with your digestive tract is called gastrointestinal surgery. This type of surgery aims at removing a cancerous or a non-cancerous growth from your digestive tract or rectifying a damaged part of the gastrointestinal tract. Generally, gastrointestinal surgery is divided into two categories; upper GI surgery and lower GI surgery. The upper GI surgery focuses on the upper parts of the digestive tract such as the stomach, esophagus, liver, pancreas, and gall bladder. The lower GI surgery is relevant to lower parts of the digestive tract such as the small intestine, the colon, the rectum, etc. On the basis of the surgical approach, gastrointestinal procedures are further divided into two types; laparoscopic surgery and open GI surgery.
Laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery:
One of the most popular types of gastrointestinal surgeries, laparoscopic GI surgery is based on the science of laparoscopy. Let’s understand what laparoscopy is and how it can help you overcome digestive problems. Laparoscopic surgery procedure is an advanced surgical technique, which can be performed through multiple cuts in the abdomen (which vary from 5 mm to 12 mm) or a single cut of in the navel (single incision laparoscopic surgery). It is performed by making small incisions (about 3-5mm in size) in your abdomen and inserting a long, thin tube with a tiny camera attached to its tip. The camera guides the surgeon by capturing live visuals of the insides of your body. The laparoscopic approach to gastrointestinal surgery has gained much importance in the recent past because of the convenience it offers to both, the patients and the surgeons. Firstly, laparoscopic abdominal surgery is known to reduce post-operative pain and the risk of infections. Secondly, since the laparoscopic surgery recovery time is shorter in comparison to open surgery, you will have a shorter hospital stay and a quick comeback.