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Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy

Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy

The adrenal gland is located just above both the kidneys and secretes key hormones which regulate various functions of the body. The gland is divided into the cortex and medulla. The cortex released various hormones such as cortisol, mineralocorticoids which help in daily functioning and diurnal variations in activity levels.

The medulla releases enzymes such as adrenaline, noradrenaline, which mediate the fight or fright response from the sympathetic nervous system.

Tumors can develop in these glands, either from specific areas, or both the cortex and medulla. These can be either benign or malignant.

Why does the problem occur?

There is no known cause, but certain tumors have a propensity to develop in genetically predisposed individuals. Adrenal hyperplasia can develop with due to overstimulation from the pituitary hormones from pituitary tumors.

Treatment:

Most tumors need to be removed surgically. For adrenal hyperplasia, the cause must be addressed first, before thinking about surgical removal of both the adrenal glands. This can be done laparoscopically with a quick recovery and discharge usually on post-operative day 1. At Digestive Health Institute, we offer state-of-the-art comprehensive evaluation and treatment by a multi-disciplinary team of doctors for adrenal tumors/hyperplasia, with keyhole (laparoscopic) surgery in indicated patients with quicker recovery and return to work.